Robert Max Williams

Hi! I'm Max Williams. I program computers, sometimes they even do things. I think the most beneficial thing to do with my life is contribute to AI safety/AI alignment research. The most interesting (and most harmful) thing I could do is to research AI technology with no regard to safety.

Current Stuff

Undergraduate at UofL

I'm studying Computer Engineering and Computer Science, with a Math minor. While I tend to learn more from my own projects rather than the curriculum, I also know I wouldn't be able to do it without the scheduled and mandated learning environment filled with deadlines and skilled professors.

Research Project

I'm currently working on the topic of "Adversarial Examples Transfer from Recurrent Neural Networks to Finite State Automata". Recurrent Neural Networks (RNNs) can be made to misclassify a sequence with very small input perturbations, analogous to adversarial examples for image classification. Some adversarial examples also transfer to humans. From this, I make the hypothesis that given some real-world or simulated system of any kind that performs a task, a neural network proxy can be made to approximate it. Correctly crafted, inputs that cause a failure of the proxy should have a similar effect on the real system. Exactly what kind of systems this is possible for and how to go about making proxies that give useful adversarial examples is the challenge here.

I'm working on an RNN that emulates a spring-mass system, and determining whether the standard way of creating adversarial input will discover how to make a sine wave at resonance to maximize displacement. This is starting to sound like a poor substitute for reinforcement learning, but I need to actually do experiments before I can know anything.


I made this website using lisp, which was a lot of fun. The fun pages are all lisp functions that do things, but the website architecture was the trickiest part. I'm not really sure what I did, but it sure is neat.

I'm also working on some DSP stuff, here is a sample of my first attempt. Maybe I'll make more, with some percussion and more interesting virtual instruments.

Internship Hunting

Like many people my age, I have grand ideas about what I want to do with my life but I have trouble visualizing exactly what they would look like. I really enjoyed programming robots in high school, I also like doing math stuff for fun and exploring math things using programming. The corporate software development world looks soulless and unproductive, like a big hamster wheel that consumes man hours and keeps alive the collective conciousness of the business. Maybe I'm wrong, and making software for Microsoft would actually be really enjoyable.

My summer internship working on MAST-ML made me think that making software for researchers is a valuable thing to do, many researchers write software for their own use and don't adhere to coding standards or development paradigms; they get the job done but aren't left with something useful for others. A lot of work is wasted doing the same tasks over and over again. Almost all software I used in the bioinformatics world was hacky and under-documented.

My dream is to do actual good for the AI safety community, but it's such a turbulent field and can be hard to tell what skills will be useful. Will being a better programmer make me more useful, or is general programming skill too general to be genuinely useful? Worse still, my experience with lisp has made me think that "general programming skill" means "learning to work within a weak and idiosyncratic model of thinking that's been practically unchanged for decades". Regardless of the state of software engineering, I am committed to doing what I can to contribute to what I see as the most slippery, impossible, and important issue humanity will ever face.

Past Stuff


Summer of 2018, Luke Miles and I worked for Dr. Finkel at the University of Kentucky, on the MAST-ML project with the University of Wisconsin. We worked full time for 10 weeks and worked with the main developer, Ryan Jacobs, to understand how the software did and didn't work, and made a rewrite which is now the main branch. We learned many lessons about software development; it was the first time either of us has worked on a project of that scale. Most of our time was spent considering how to approach a problem, and when to break a model to allow for some functionality. For instance, we originally had a pattern of "no magic keywords in csv column names" pattern, which we later broke to allow for the user to specify a train/test column by name. It was tricky to integrate this change in data flow into our model of how the program should work, but it was a necessary feature.

Informatics Lab Internship

During my Sophomore year, I assisted the bioinformatics lab with some data tasks, neural network programming in Keras, and typesetting their paper in Latex, word, and then Latex again. I made several figures programmatically using Latex's tikz package, which was fun. I also got very good at typesetting formulas. The final version of the paper is here.

Vex Robotics

In high school I was on one of my high school robots teams, 5454J. We only had 4 people on our team so all of us did a little bit of everything. We spent most of our time taking the robot apart and trying to fix things being weak and slow and wobbly. Here is a snippet of the arm robot we took to Worlds in 2015. We tended to go for the long shot and make unusual designs with the hope that we would get an edge that no one else had. This didn't really work that well, but we had a lot of fun.

Exchange Year in Thailand

I spent my senior year on a rotary exchange in Thailand. I stayed with three wonderful families for a total of nine months, and went on a few rotary organized trips with the other exchange students. Here is my blog from the trips and other side adventures. I can also read/write/converse in Thai on a pretty good level, but since I've been away for so long I would need to reacclimate to have a non-ridiculous accent and ease of speaking.